Deadwood History Link

His contemporaries called him Wild Bill, and the newspapermen of the day made him a legend in his own time. He was written about by General George Armstrong Custer and “Buffalo Bill” Cody. What are the facts? James Butler Hickok was born in 1837 inIllinois and spent his formative years helping out on the farm.  Most of his adult years were spent in the West where his exploits included working for Pony Express, being employed as a detective, scouting for the US Army, and as the Marshall of Abilene, Kansas.

Records exist for some 3,627 people at Mt. Moriah, though the actual number may be higher due to lost or incomplete information. Numerous Chinese were also buried at Mt. Moriah, but most, if not all, were returned toChina for burial. The first cemetery in Deadwood was located in the Ingleside neighborhood. Over time, graves (including Hickok's) were exhumed and the remains moved to Mt. Moriah. Property for what would become St. Ambrose Cemetery (located in Deadwood’s Highland neighborhood) was deeded to the Catholic Church in 1883, though the earliest burials at St. Ambrose began in 1878.

Controversy and speculation have always centered on the life and times of the Old West legend, Calamity Jane. Stories told about Calamity Jane range from the verifiable to far-fetched fabrications. Calamity Jane added to the speculation with her own admissions in a somewhat dubious autobiography. The truth of this Deadwood legend may never be known, but many historians agree upon some facts.